Cannabis 101: The Difference Between Indica and Sativa

By Jenny Bloom
Oregon Cannabis Connection


There are two common genus types of cannabis: Sativa and Indica. It’s easy to see the differences between the actual plants in terms of appearance and other attributes, but the effects they have on the user are also noticeable.

Physical attributes of Sativa and Indica

The differences between Sativas and Indicas are generally fairly obvious. Indica cannabis plants are well known for being short and wide, while Sativa cannabis plants are better known for being tall and slender. Sativas can get as tall as 25 feet high! They, therefore, are better for growing outdoors, while Indicas are better for growing indoors.

The leaves are different as well. Sativa cannabis plants have skinnier leaves while Indica cannabis plants have thicker, rounder leaves. Leaf shape is the most typical way of telling the two plants apart, mostly because it is so obvious and easy to identify.

The effects of Sativa and Indica

Sativa cannabis is known for causing an energetic and emotionally uplifted high. It’s often referred to as a “cerebral” high that works well for smoking during the day since it won’t put the user to sleep or lock them on the couch. It is often associated with better creativity as well as new ideas, making it ideal for people who like to smoke before getting some things done.

Sativas also have medicinal benefits. They cause the user to feel well, content, and at ease. The user’s thoughts after smoking a Sativa are usually cerebral and uplifting, and they are energized and more focused than usual. For these reasons, Sativas are great for fighting depression.

Indica cannabis is better known for having a “body” high. In other words, it eases up the body while the Sativa eases up the mind. This can lead to the classic couch-lock feeling that many refer to when discussing getting high. It gets the user deeply relaxed, often helping with body tension and pain as well as anxiety and sleeping disorders.

Indicas’ best medicinal benefits include the relief of many types of pain in general. It makes for a better nighttime smoke since it can cause a user to be very sleepy and relaxed. It is often used to relieve headaches, migraines, spasms, and seizures, and to relax the muscles, mind, and any body pain.

Let us know what your favorite is in the comments below!


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One thought on “Cannabis 101: The Difference Between Indica and Sativa

  • 06/08/2017 at 4:06 pm

    There are sativas from Africa that will put you out and indicas from the middle east which will widen your eyes.

    The chemotype is not specifically controlled by the fact that it is indica or sativa. These are merely correlatives, and the epithet is really a morphological distinction that doesn’t apply to most modern Cannabis.

    People shouldn’t be propagating these distinctions. We should look at the cannabinoid, terpene, etc…profiles

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