Cultivating A Cannabis Crop at Home: A Growers Guide

The use of marijuana for medicinal purposes has been well documented. An increasing number of health officials are acknowledging the benefits of regular usage, which has given way to the legalization of it in many parts of the world.

While marijuana has become more readily available, it can become quite costly, depending on usage. A cost-effective alternative is cultivating your own crop. Not only does this give you better control over what you’re consuming, but you also cut costs and have instant access to cannabis should the need arise.

When it comes to cultivating cannabis, it can be a lot of fun; but it takes time and dedication to get it to the point where you can reap the rewards.

If you’re looking to start growing your own, we recommend outdoor gardens as the setup. An indoor grow can be quite costly and hard to operate. *See notice below.

Indoor Versus Outdoor Growing

In addition to being more cost-effective, outdoor growing is a lot easier than the indoor approach. The need for UV lighting and heaters is diminished when you plant your crop outside in the sun. This also saves on energy costs as you don’t need to power an entire indoor setup. All you’ll need to buy is fertilizer and seeds. You can even find a way to save rainwater to irrigate your plants.

Another perk of outdoor growing is the fact that you have a lot more space, which means you can plant and harvest more. When it comes to indoor growing, you’re limited to the space you have available.

Of course, we can’t not mention the relaxing, therapeutic effect that gardening has on a person too.

Finding The Right Climate

As with any garden, you need to understand your climate for your plants to grow and flourish. The best way to understand your climate is to ask local gardeners and landscapers.

While cannabis is quite a hardy plant, the elements can take its toll. If the temperature exceeds above 86°F, your crop will stop growing, while temperatures below 55°F can damage and stunt your plants’ growth.

While water is always good, too much can do more harm than good. Heavy rainfall and windy conditions can physically damage your plants and affect your harvest. In addition to this, the moisture can result in mold and mildew developing.

Sunlight exposure also needs to be considered, as different times of the year will have different daylight hours. By understanding sunlight exposure, you will be able to assist plants in transitioning to the flowering stage.

All About Finding Space

Your location will inevitably determine the success of your crops. It’s important to plant your crop in a sunny spot. As the seasons begin to change and sunlight exposure starts to decrease, your plants will start to enter the flowering stage.

A breezy area is good for cannabis, but strong winds are not, so finding a sheltered yet breeze-accessible space is important.

Nosy neighbors and pickpockets can become problematic, so finding a safe, secure area for your crops is the best way to avoid irritation and unnecessary drama. While marijuana is legal in many states, not everyone is sold on the idea. In some states, your plants are not allowed to be visible from the street, so be sure to check the legislation in your area before you start planting.

Choose The Right Genetics

Different strains of cannabis require different climates. If you know a grower or live in an area where cannabis is cultivated, the odds are that there’s a strain bred to thrive in that climate.

The next question is whether to use seeds or clones.

Seeds have been found to produce more hearty crops and can generally be planted all year round. The downside is that you cannot guarantee the outcome. Only female plants produce buds, so you won’t be successful if you end up planting males.

Unfortunately, this is something that you will only find out once the plant has begun to grow and flower.

The Right Amount Of Dirt Is Essential

The soil you plant your cannabis in needs to be packed with organic matter and nutrients while providing adequate drainage.

Clay laden soil doesn’t hold oxygen, while sandy soil doesn’t hold nutrients well.

The verdict?

Silty soil is best.

You can get your soil tested at your local hardware store to ensure that it has the right balance for your crops. They will also be able to give you tips on what to add to make it more fertile and cannabis-friendly.

Your plants need plenty of nutrients to thrive, which is why a good fertilizer will go a long way in your cannabis cultivation journey. Look out for a fertilizer that contains potassium and nitrogen and is high in phosphorus, as this will yield the best results.

Another aspect to consider is whether to plant your crop in containers or directly in the ground. Planting in containers is often the easiest option as plants can be moved into the sun or out the way of extreme weather conditions. It also means that you have less manual labor as you don’t need to dig up your garden.

It’s worth noting that plants cultivated in containers will be a lot smaller than those planted in the ground, as their growth is restricted. The size of your pot will more than likely determine your plant’s size, so choose wisely. The best setup for a 4×4 grow tent would incorporate rows of pots to make the best use of space, and this is an option you can utilize in your garden if you’d prefer to keep your yield smaller or out of sight.

Water Is The Source Of All Life

While rain and groundwater can assist in hydration, you still need to make a concerted effort to water your plants regularly, especially during the warmer months. Watering in the morning will ensure they have sufficient water to get through the day. During the rainy season, a proper drainage system needs to be put into place to prevent fungus and mold from developing.

Your cannabis plants are susceptible to harsh weather conditions, so it’s important to protect them during cultivation. The points mentioned above will help you manage your first harvest while ensuring your crops have a fair chance at surviving.

*NOTICE: Check in your state or country to determine if cannabis growing is legal since it is not legally allowed in many locations.

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William Stash Jones

William "Stash" Jones is a medical marijuana patient and medical cannabis advocate. He focuses on medical cannabis and its benefits, and believes that medical cannabis is the solution to many problems in medicine today.

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